عنوان مقاله [English]
The drought has direct and indirect impacts on agritourism in all seasons. The purpose of this study is determination of agricultural tourism destinations affected by drought. To this end, existing data of fourteen meteorological stations in Kerman province from their establishment till 2017 were collected. Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) and Reconnaissance Drought Indices (RDI) were used to investigate climatic comfort and drought condition using DrinC Ver. 1.5.73 and RayMan, respectively. In order to prepare the drought and climatic comfort maps, the elevation gradient between two indices were investigated. The spatial distribution of two indices was prepared using digital elevation model (DEM) in ArcGIS v 10.5 for the month in which the gradient was significant. The results showed that all of the study stations had a normal condition from the viewpoint of agricultural drought in the cold seasons. The eastern and southern part of the province experienced severe drought in the warm seasons. Moreover, the results of PMV index showed that the eastern and southern part of the province had a suitable condition for agritourism activities in the cold seasons, while the central, northern and western parts are suitable in the warm seasons.
Arvin, A. A., Shojaeezadeh, K. 2015. Assessment of Climate Tourism in City Shiraz Using Physiologic Equivalence Temperature and Predicted Mean Vote Indexes. Natural Geographic Journal, 7(26): 97-98.
Baaghideh, M., Asgari, E., Shoja, F., Jamalabadi, J. 2014. Study and comparison of the function of RAYMAN model parameters in determining proper tourism calendar case study: Isfahan. Geography and development, 12(36): 135-144. (In Farsi)
Bakhtiari, B., Bakhtiari, A., Afzali-Gorouh, Z. 2018. Investigation of climate change impacts on tourism climate comfort in Iran. Global NEST Journal, 20(2): 291-303.
Bakhtiari, A. 2015. Application of physiological equivalent temperature index for determination of suitable regions for agritourism in Kerman province. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 3(2): 34-44. (In Farsi)
De Freitas, C. R., Scott, D., Mc Boyle, G. 2008. A second generation climate index for tourism (CIT): Specification and verification. International Journal of Biometeorology, 52: 399-407.
Hasheminasab, S., Ataei, H. 2012. Comparative Evaluation of Human Bioclimatic of Isfahan city using the Terjung methods, TCI, PET, PMV. Urban regional studies and research, 4(14): 63-82.
Hoppe, P. 1999. The physiological equivalent temperature – a universal index for the biometeorological assessment of the thermal environment. International Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 43: 71-75.
Komasi, M., Malekmahmoudi, M., Montaseri, H. 2017. Drought forecasting by SPI and EDI indices using ANFIS method based on C-mean and SC clustering (Case study: Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad Province). Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 5(1): 36-47. (In Farsi)
Matzarakis, A. 2010. Assessing climate for tourism purposes: existing methods and tools for the thermal complex. Proceeding of the International workshop on climate and tourism and recreation. International Society of Biometeorology, 171-184.
Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H., Iziomon, M. G. 1999. Applications of a universal thermal index: physiological equivalent temperature. International Journal of Biometeorology, 43:76–84.
Matzarakis, A., Alcoforado, M. J. 2007. Importance of thermal comfort and bioclimate for tourism. Climate change and tourism, 7-8sept., Freiburg.
Oppermonn, M. 1996. Rural tourism in southern Germany. Annuals of Tourism Research, 23(1):86-102.
Papoli Yazdi, M.H., Ebrahimi, M.A. 2001. theory in rural development, SAMT publication, University of Tehran, 328 pages. (In Farsi)
Rahimi, J., Malekian, A., Khalili, A. 2013. Climate change impacts in Iran: assessing our current knowledge. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 1–20.
Scott, D., Mc Boyle, G., Schwartzentrube, M. 2004. Climate change and the distribution of climatic resources for tourism in North America. Department of Geography, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
Tsakiris, G., Loukas, A., Pangalou, D., Vangelis, H., Tigkas, D., Rossi, G., Cancelliere, A. 2007. Drought characterization. Options Mediterraneennes publication, 58:85-102.
Tsakiris, G., Vangelis, H. 2005. Establishing a drought index incorporating evapotranspiration. European Water Publication, 9/10:3-11.
Vergni, L., Todisco, F. 2011. Spatio-temporal variability of precipitation, temperature and agricultural drought indices in Central Italy. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 151(1): 301-311.
Zolfaghari, H. 2008. Determination of tourism calendar for Tabriz city using physiological equivalent temperature (PET) and Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) indices. Physical Geography Research, 39(62): 129-141.